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Standards for Reporting Founded and Unfounded Incidents


Content Provider:
Statistics Canada and the Centre for Justice Statistics


Length (in hours)
1 hour

Release Date
January 2021

Registration Process Register

On April 4-5, 2017, the Police Information and Statistics Committee (POLIS) of the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police (CACP) developed recommendations addressing the feasibility of reinstating collection and the need for consistent and standardized reporting of all founded and unfounded incidents, including sexual assault. The CACP Board of Directors endorsed these recommendations from the POLIS committee on April 10, 2017.

As a result of these recommendations, the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics (CCJS) and POLIS have been working with other partners and independent experts to finalize and implement the changes to the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Survey and to develop material to help train police on the new changes. The definitions for both founded and unfounded have been updated as per the recommendations from POLIS. The improvement to these definitions will help police services across Canada report incidents to Statistics Canada in a consistent fashion.

The intent of this course is to advise police services on how to properly record and report both founded and unfounded incidents based on the POLIS recommended changes. This course will explain the new options for reporting founded and unfounded incidents as well as their specific clearance status within UCR. There will also be a section on the application of the new coding options to report sexual assaults. This course will focus more on explaining what is founded according to the new definition and how to classify founded incidents as “not cleared” or “cleared.”

Learning Objectives

When you have completed this course you will be able to:

  • Explain the situation that led to the creation of the new standards for reporting founded and unfounded incidents.
  • State the updated definitions for reporting incidents.
  • Describe the clearance code changes in the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey.
  • Practice scoring criminal incidents using the new incident clearance categories added to the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey.

If you have questions or comments, you may contact your UCR Analyst at the CCJS, or email the Client Services Division of the CCJS at, or call toll free toll-free 1-800-387-2231.

Target Audience

Sworn Police, Police Services

Content Provider

Content for this course was provided by Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics.